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Quick Guide on Bermuda Grass vs St. Augustine Grass

Quick Guide on Bermuda Grass vs St. Augustine Grass
Last Updated: 10 November 2020

A green lawn is a gardener’s dream. But what ensues is a greater confusion about Bermuda grass vs St Augustine. Lawn maintenance is a regular and rigorous affair. This guide throws light on both types of grasses.

What is Bermuda grass?

What is Bermuda grass

Typically a tropical, subtropical, and transition variety, Bermuda grass can be grown from the seeds. It shows remarkably fast growth. Other than the extremely cold regions, it can adapt easily to all soil and weather types.

Another advantage of Bermuda grass is its high drought resistance. You can leave the lawn without water for a few days and yet return to a green carpet!

You will get a medium green turf. It needs regular mowing and is shade-resistant.

What is St. Augustine grass?

Typically a warm-season plant is shade, weed, and salt-resistant. Unlike Bermuda grass, it will not wilt in the shade. However, it fares lower in terms of drought-resistance. You need to regularly water it and also fertilize it.

What sets Bermuda grass and St. Augustine grass apart?

What sets Bermuda grass and St. Augustine grass apart

The Bermuda grass Vs st Augustine grass confusion is what leaves some with a brown and unattractive lawn. Bermuda grass Vs st Augustine difference is a must to know if you plan to own a beautiful lawn.

Let us see how they differ:

Water Requirement

Bermuda grass is a drought-resistant variety. It needs an inch of water every 7-10 ways. You can opt for it if you lack proper irrigation supply and time.

St. Augustine grass is a water-intensive type. It needs to be watered about ¾ inch twice per week. Go for this type only if you have proper irrigation arrangements and time.

If you are unsure about the right water amount, you should invest in a moisture meter.

Temperature Tolerance

Both the grass types are typically suited to tropical and subtropical climate. They need around 65-75 degrees F temperature throughout. Because of their constant temperature demand, they are also called Texas grass types.

After all, Texas is one place that provides both grass types with the perfect climate to thrive.

Growth Patterns

Bermuda grass grows from seeds. You get your lawn seeded, supply it with fertilizers, and water it regularly.

St. Augustine grass grows from sods. You need to get sods planted at regular intervals. Then supply it with fertilizers and water.

In both cases, keep in mind that you need to get a soil test.

How much sunshine do they need?

How much sunshine do they need

Bermuda grass is the sun-loving type. If you have an open lawn with ample sunlight, this should be your pick. Bermuda grass hates shade.

St. Augustine grass prefers to stay in the shade. It will brown upon long exposure to the sun. So, if you have a shaded lawn, St. Augustine grass is the best.

Soil requirements

Bermuda grass needs

  • pH 6-7;
  • soil temperature above 65 degrees F;
  • well-drained moist soil;
  • nitrogen-rich soil.

St. Augustine grass needs

  • pH 5-8.5;
  • soil temperature above 80 degrees F;
  • Well-drained soil;
  • Iron-rich & minimum nitrogen content in the soil.

Traffic & Weed Tolerance

As for traffic tolerance, Bermuda grass can handle more footfall than the St. Augustine grass.

Weeds like crabgrass and dandelions can overshadow Bermuda grass due to its slow growth in reduced sunlight. You will notice thin grass patches. In contrast, St. Augustine grass usually outgrows weeds.

Wrapping Up: Overview of Differences

Feature Bermuda grass St. Augustine grass
Water requirement It needs minimal watering, just 1 inch every 10 days. It needs frequent watering, ¾ inch twice each week
Resistance It is drought-resistant and salt resistant. It can grow well in coastal areas. It is shade resistant and weed resistant.
Growth Bermuda grass grows by seeds. It takes time to germinate and then makes a turf. St. Augustine grass grows by stolons. The growth is faster.
Appearance Grey-green blades with a short blade. Dark-green with broad flat leaves.
Maintenance Low maintenance, needs only mowing. Fertilizers are added twice a year. High maintenance because of frequent irrigation, mowing, and fertilizers.
Traffic tolerance Handles heavy foot traffic. SHandles very less foot-fall.
Sunlight requirement Needs bright sunshine all day long Grows best in shade.

Which grass is best for me?

Choose the variety of grass depending on your local

  • Climate;
  • Soil type;
  • Soil pH;
  • Irrigation arrangements;
  • Purpose;
  • Available time and resources for good maintenance.


A green lawn demands complete dedication and effort. No matter if you choose Bermuda or st Augustine grass, give me the best growth medium. It is important to get the best weed and feed for southern lawns for a pleasant lawn.

You can get more gardening related expert articles like best weed and feed for st Augustine grass on homemakerguide.com.

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