Motherboards are a marvel of modern technology; they appear to be the main component of any computer. Looking at a motherboard, you can see a variety of different tracks, transistors and ca-pacitors, connectors and more. What is motherboard made of? Well, its main base – the substrate – is a multi-layer textolite with various capacitors, tracks for data exchange and other elements. They are located on the PCB layers; special holes have been made in the latter for their communication. Modern motherboards can contain up to 10-15 layers. From our guide today, you will learn everything about this computer component, and you’ll also discover how to find the motherboard model.
WHAT IS A MOTHERBOARD?
In fact, a motherboard is alpha and omega of any personal computer. It contains all the important components required for a long and productive computer’s life. In other words, it is the skeleton with everything on it. So, if it is not good, then you will get a defective computer in the end. It means that if you want to have a good-operating machine, you need to understand what to consider first and what is the main purpose of motherboard. Informative tips below will be very helpful.
In general, there are motherboards of two types:
- Integrated – they come with components that are already soldered on the board in contrast to removable expansion cards. The main plus of such tools is their cheap price and portability. The main drawback is that when one of its components fails, you will need to change the entire board. These could be motherboards for dummies who are ready to pay twice.
- Non-integrated – these come with expansion slots for some fixed components like a video card and disk controllers. They are the best as they are flexible and allow to replace faulty compo-nents seamlessly.
MAIN MOTHERBOARD COMPONENTS
Now it’s high time to define the main parts of a system board. Keep in mind that you can learn how to make a motherboard yourself even if you are not a technician.
This socket is a connector into which the central processor is inserted when the computer is as-sembled. After that, it is equipped with a special “fridge” and cooler. Currently, tools with 775, AM2, AM2 + and AM3 sockets are on top.
Chipsets belong to the main components. They coordinate the exchange of data between all de-vices of the computer. It is worth knowing that not every chipset can use the components built into the processor.
Chipsets include two elements: north and south bridges. Both are on the system board; although, they communicate with different devices. Thus, the northbridge is responsible for the exchange of data between the processor, RAM, the memory controller, and the video card. In turn, the south bridge controls the exchange of data between various I / O devices and disks.
It is designed to install a video card. If your video card has two such ports and you cannot live without exciting 3D games, it’s time to think about SLI or Crossfire technologies. This means you can install several best video cards on your computer at once; after that, the work with graphics will be easier.
On any motherboard, it’s easy to find expansion slots. At the moment, expansion slots on the PCI express bus are considered to be the most popular and fastest. These connectors are designed to connect video-, audio- and network cards, etc.
It is a default component installed by the manufacturer. If you are just going to listen to music at home, it is good enough. However, it will not be sufficient for professional music processing, and you will need to install an additional sound card and a number of special components.
WHAT COMPUTER MOTHERBOARD DO YOU HAVE?
So, what is the function of motherboard? It is the most important detail of your computer. That’s why sometimes you may need to know what model is installed on your computer. For example, this information is essential after reinstallation of Windows to download drivers from the manufacturer’s official website. This can be done either by the built-in tools of the system or using the third-party software.
The easiest way is to use the built-in system utility “System Information”. This option is suitable for both Windows 7 and Windows 10.
To find the required information, you need to press the Win + R keys on the keyboard, type “msinfo32”, and press Enter. In the window that opens, the “System Information” section specifies the manufacturer and model. This is what you are looking for.